From initial sighting of a oto on the road through arrest, Traffic Stops leads officers and prosecutors through the permissible ways to lớn approach a traffic stop. Written by TDCAA Senior Staff Counsel Diane Beckham, Traffic Stops includes charts on the most common traffic offenses and important facts to know about each of them, easy-to-read tables on what officers can vày at each step of a traffic stop, và plain-English summaries of what the courts have said about arrests, detentions, and searches related khổng lồ cars, drivers, and passengers.

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The 2024 update includes information about how khổng lồ handle blood draws (and establishing exigent circumstances) following the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Missouri v. Mc
& the Court of Criminal Appeals’ decision in State v. Villarreal, as well as important updates from recent cases from the U.S. Supreme Court on dog sniffs, anonymous tips, cell phone searches, good faith, and consent.


Traffic Stops (2024-26) quantity

New Pickup Policy for Books

All orders must be paid for online before picking up your order. Orders may be placed at

We require the physical card used lớn place the order to be present for pickup, và the name on the thẻ must match the photo ID of the person picking up the order. A photocopy of the front of the physical credit card and photo ID will be made at time of pick up, & the photocopy will need khổng lồ be signed for our records as proof of purchase.

Thank you for your patience and support of TDCAA Publications.

Book Updates

2024 Penal Code Changes

Penal Code SB4 (smuggling) 2024

Stays granted on SB 4 (4th Special Session):

However, the U.S. Supreme Court will consider whether these new immigration laws can be enforced. Although those laws were set khổng lồ take effect on March 5, 2024, a federal district judge granted a preliminary injunction against enforcing the provisions of SB 4. The 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals then set aside the federal district court’s ruling, and an order issued by Justice Samuel Alito on March 4 has put the laws on hold until 5pm March 13 when the full Supreme Court is expected to lớn weigh in.

Penal Code SB4 (illegal entry) 2024

Appellate Rules và Parole Laws

Because of the continued growth of codes amended by the legislature, the 2021 code books will omit the Rules of Appellate Procedure và parole laws (Gov’t Code ch. 508). We will post PDF versions of both, available to download for không tính phí here.

Travel InformationTravelers may call 1-800-452-9292 daily for travel information, professional trip planning assistance và emergency road condition information.

Highway Conditions See what"s happening on the roadways around the state. Highway Conditions information is provided by Tx
DOT districts lớn alert travelers about current roadway conditions.

Motorists Helpline The Motorists Helpline was designed to lớn assist motorists in various times of need.Call toll free 1-800-525-5555 if:

Your vehicle is disabled or you are stranded on the side of the road.You want khổng lồ report a drunk driver.

Rest Areas has an abundance of rest stops for motorists to take advantage of, while traveling through our great state. Many of these facilities have amenities lượt thích restrooms, vending machines, phones, playscapes, và much more. Take advantage of these resources, the next time you plan your road trip.

Travel TipsThese travel tips were designed by the Department of Public Safety lớn assist the motorists who travel the highways. When traveling, motorists should take steps lớn protect themselves and their vehicles. Khổng lồ reduce the risk of personal injury và theft, the offers the following tips:

Preventative Maintenance

The best way lớn avoid problems is to try to prevent them from happening. Make sure you check:

All Fluids.Proper condition & air pressure of tires, including spare.Windshield wipers.Gas - keep it at least half full.Tell a friend or family member what route you are taking & when you expect to lớn arrive.Have periodic mechanical check-ups at your local service station or automobile dealer.

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Tips for Getting To và From your Vehicle Safely

Have your keys in your hands as you approach your vehicle. You"re most vulnerable when you are getting into the vehicle, even if you left the vehicle unlocked.Check the passenger compartment before getting into the vehicle, even if you left the vehicle locked.Lock all doors and roll up windows when driving.Never pick up hitchhikers.Always park in a central, well-lit place where there are attendants on duty.If you notice someone loitering near your vehicle, bởi not go near it but seek help or wait until they leave.

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What to do if your vehicle breaks down.

Stay calm.Park as far off the traveled portion of the highway as possible.Make your vehicle visible - turn on your flashers.Exit the vehicle from the passenger"s side, away from traffic.Open the vehicle"s hood và leave it open.Tie a light colored cloth khổng lồ the antennae or door handle.If possible, stay with the vehicle until uniformed law enforcement arrives, especially at night or during bad weather.Place a "Send Help" sign in a window so it is visible to lớn other motorists.If someone stops to help, keep your doors locked, crack a window, & ask them to điện thoại tư vấn law enforcement for help.If you decide you must walk, write down:Your name.The date.The time you left.The direction you are going.The plate number of the vehicle you are riding in.Description of the vehicle.Name và description of the person you are riding with.Notify law enforcement of the location & circumstances in which you left your vehicle.

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What is Carjacking?

Carjacking is the taking by force of someone"s vehicle. It may be done at gunpoint and may involve a physical assault.

Always be familiar with your surroundings. (Know what is going on around you)Before getting khổng lồ your vehicle, have your keys out and get into your vehicle quickly.Lock all doors và keep your windows rolled up.Conceal all valuables. Keep them under the seat or locked in the trunk.When you are stopped at a red light or stop sign, leave room to maneuver around the vehicle in front of you.If someone tries khổng lồ enter your vehicle at a red light or stop sign, drive through the intersection (safely).Use interstates or toll ways when traveling through cities. Stay out of high crime areas.If you need lớn stop for gas or use a phone, choose a well-lit, busy facility.If you are followed into your driveway, stay in your vehicle until you can identify the other driver. If you need to, sound the horn in short steady blasts to lớn get the attention of others.If someone bumps into the rear of your oto at an intersection or when traveling at slow speeds, do not get out, but motion for the driver to lớn follow you to lớn the nearest police station, fire station, or other busy, well-lit facility.Most important, if there is no escape, your life is more valuable than your money or your car.

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Guidelines for Drivers During a Traffic Stop

In the sự kiện of a traffic stop in, the following information và guidelines are provided khổng lồ motorists. The information below is also found in the Driver Handbook.

When Stopped by Law EnforcementIf you are stopped by law enforcement it is suggested you:

Slow down & move the vehicle safely to the right of the road.Park your vehicle as far khổng lồ the right of the main traffic lane as possible. If available, park on the right shoulder or, if unavailable, park on a nearby well-lighted side street or parking lot away from high volume traffic.Place the vehicle in a parking position, set the emergency brake, turn the engine off, và activate the hazard warning lights.If at night, turn on the interior dome light.Remain in the car, lower the driver"s window if you feel safe to do so. Keep both hands clearly in sight on the steering wheel.Wait for the law enforcement officer to give you instructions. An officer may approach from either side of the vehicle.Before reaching into your glove box or under the seat khổng lồ retrieve your proof of insurance or driver"s license, inform the officer of where the items are located và follow the officer"s directions.If asked to lớn exit the vehicle, kiểm tra for passing vehicles lớn exit safely.Advise passengers lớn remain in the oto unless other instructions are given by the law enforcement officer.At the conclusion of the traffic stop, give the appropriate signals và safely return khổng lồ the proper lane of traffic when released by the law enforcement officer. 7-Step Violator Interview

To ensure motorists know what to lớn expect during a traffic stop, the following information is provided.

In the event of a traffic stop, Highway Patrol Troopers are trained to lớn follow a series of procedural steps, called the 7-Step Violator Interview.

The 7-Step Violator Interview is listed below & also in the department"s policy:

Troopers will follow the seven-step violator interview unless circumstances exist that make the use extraneous or non-applicable

The steps will be used in the following order:

Greeting và identification of the agency
Statement of violation committed
Identification of driver and check of conditions of violator and vehicle
Statement of action to be taken
Take kích hoạt stated
Explain what violator must do

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Obligations, Responsibilities, Courtesy & SafetyState law requires a driver to immediately stop when approached by an authorized emergency vehicle và you may be arrested if you bởi vì not stop immediately. If you feel the area is unsafe to lớn stop immediately or if you have concerns the vehicle is not a real police vehicle, you can take the following steps lớn minimize the risk of being arrested or charges being filed against you: turn on your hazard lights và drive slowly và carefully below the posted speed limit; you may hotline 9-1-1 and remain on the phone with the operator while you stop and verify the officer"s identity and you may drive lớn a nearby well-lighted, populated place khổng lồ stop. It is important to lớn understand that law enforcement jurisdictions overlap & a local 9-1-1 gọi center operator may not be able khổng lồ immediately determine what officer is working in that area at that time. If you stop in an unsafe location, such as on a bridge or a high traffic roadway, an officer may direct you over the public address speaker khổng lồ move lớn a safer location. Follow the officer"s directions.

Law enforcement officers, drivers, & passengers should respond with courtesy during traffic stops & other officer/citizen interactions. Drivers and passengers should not exit the vehicle unless asked to do so. Exiting your vehicle may be perceived as aggressive behavior và a threat to lớn the officer"s safety. Drivers và passengers inside a vehicle should not attempt lớn reach, dig, or tìm kiếm for their license or insurance documents before or while an officer is approaching. Drivers who transport handguns in their vehicles are encouraged to lớn keep them in a separate location from license & insurance documentation. During a traffic stop, the driver and any passengers are subjected to an investigative detention, which may only last for a reasonable amount of time. Passengers can ask the officer if they are miễn phí to leave & do so if the officer agrees. Law enforcement may ask questions during this time. You cannot be punished for refusing khổng lồ answer questions; however, drivers are required by law khổng lồ display a driver license when requested by an officer. If you are lawfully detained or arrested, you are also required khổng lồ give your name, residence address, & date of birth. A driver or a passenger who gives law enforcement a false or fraudulent identity or false answers may be arrested. It may be to lớn your benefit lớn speak lớn law enforcement, such as khổng lồ convey the reason you may have an emergency or for the driver to provide the officer your name address and date of birth if you vì not have your driver license with you.

Law enforcement may also ask for consent to tìm kiếm your vehicle or person. You may grant or deny the request to lớn search; however, if an officer has probable cause khổng lồ believe that your vehicle contains evidence of a crime, it can be searched without your consent. If an officer reasonably believes that you have a weapon, the officer can conduct a pat down tìm kiếm of your person và the immediate area around you, including areas of your vehicle. It is unlawful to lớn physically resist a search, but you have the right khổng lồ notify the officer that you vì chưng not consent to any search.

Complaints or ConcernsIf you believe an officer has acted inappropriately during a traffic stop or other encounter, you should report that conduct to lớn the officer"s superiors and follow agency guidelines for submitting complaints against officers as soon as possible. Officers will normally provide their names và badge numbers on request, when practical. Due khổng lồ the overlapping of jurisdictions, drivers should make sure they identify the correct agency as well as any identifying aspects of the officer và law enforcement vehicle.

Drivers should refrain from arguing the validity of a charge during the traffic stop or detention. Signing a citation is not admitting guilt. It simply confirms your promise to pay the fine or tương tác the court. If you bởi not agree with the charge brought against you & wish to lớn contest it, you should argue your case before a judge or request a jury trial & acquire the services of an attorney to lớn represent you.

More Information on How to file a Complaint.

Read the complete Driver Handbook.

Please drive safely,!

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